Table of Contents
The Campolina Horse is a unique-looking horse breed with a vast, odd-shaped head and a majestic, muscular body. The breed looks like an Andalusian horse with a big nose. The founder of the Campolina breed named the breed after his name: Cassiano Campolina. The Campolina horse breed is one of the few horse breeds in the world whose origins are so well documented that you can trace back the stallions’ names to the ones that first formed the official offspring of the breed.
Mr. Campolina started the breeding program on his farm, Fazenda Tanque, in Entre Rios de Minas, Brazil, in 1857. But the real breakthrough wasn’t until 1870 when a friend gifted him a black mare. The black mare was a Brazilian-born Berber horse he crossed with a pure Andalusian stallion.
The gray colt that resulted from this breeding is known as the foundation stallion for the breed. Mr. Campolina was passionate about perfecting the breed and believed that genetic improvement would increase with the introduction of outside breeds. Therefore, other breeds, such as the Anglo-Normand Breed, American saddle horse, Clydesdale horse, and Holsteiner horse, were introduced to the herd. The Mangalarga Marchador breed was eventually introduced, too, to make the breed more elegant.
1. Gaited Horse Breed
The Campolina breed has a fourth ambling gait, making it very suitable for trail riding. Its great stamina and comfortable, smooth gait make it ideal for this type of riding.
2. Odd Shaped Head with a Roman Nose
Campolina horses have a big head, flat forehead, and a large nose with a convex profile. They are also known as the Roman nose horse breed.
3. Great Stamina
The breed is perfect for long-distance trail riding. Its short, compact body and strong legs make it great for long hours in the saddle.
4. From Brazil
The Campolina Horse Breed was founded in Brazil and is the most widespread today. It is one of the more prominent Brazilian breeds, and its popularity increases yearly.
5. Traditional Colors
The breed can be found in any color and has any markings, including face, leg, and primitive markings with zebra stripes, a dorsal stripe, or a shoulder stripe.
6. Long Ears
The campolina breed features long, expressive donkey like ears
7. Sweet Natured
The Camplina horse breed has a good temperament and a willing energy to work and learn. Therefore, They are perfect family horses and very suitable for leisure riding and as a show horse.
8. The Campolina Breed Standard Was Not Created Until After the Founder’s death
Mr Campolina didn’t experience creating the Campolina breed standard, which happened when the herd book was closed in 1934, many years after his death (Ouadah, n.d.). The Campolina Breeders Association was formed in 1938, and its popularity in Brazil has only increased yearly.
9. Often Mistaken As The Appaloosa
People often mistake the Campolina and the gaited appaloosa horse (walkaloosa) as the same horse breed. They are both relatively small-legged, gaited horse breeds resembling the Andalusian. However, they are entirely different breeds and do not have the exact origins, even though they look similar.
Ouadah, C. Q. (n.d.). Le Campolina. . . La race la plus r�pandue du Br�sil cr��e par Cassiano Campolina. Campolina. https://www.aucoeurdeschevaux.com/c/campolina-85/